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Kubernetes in 2019: 6 developments to expect
If you thought there was a lot of chatter about Kubernetes in 2018, you ain’t seen nothing yet
4. Expect the rapid pace of change to continue
The array of burgeoning open source projects and communities comprise one of the trends in the broader container universe, meaning not just Kubernetes itself but other high-interest projects like Istio. That energy is almost certain to continue unabated. In fact, the open source ecosystem is growing: Red Hat recently contributed the etcd distributed reliable key-value store to the Cloud Native Computing Foundation.
One outcome of so much open source development is a high velocity of change, and that’s going to be a sure thing in both the Kubernetes community and related projects in 2019.
“Even after four-plus years, the pace of innovation is still significant,” Kennedy says. “For example, the Kubernetes v2 Federation project is focused on providing organizations with better capabilities to operate and manage applications deployments across multi-cluster and multi-cloud environments."
5. Kubernetes will become a focal point for container security
But as Kubernetes usage grows in synchronicity with container deployments, it will become an increasing point of focus for bad guys and security pros alike, particularly when high-profile breaches occur.
“Security will be the highest on radar for the next few years of Kubernetes evolution,” Vempati of Aricent says. “This could include features such as encryption at various levels of the cluster [or] multi-factor authentication to [limit] suspicious and malicious attacks.”
Dang from StackRox notes that Kubernetes out of the box comes with “many knobs to tune” – tuning them incorrectly can increase risks. Moreover, as Kubernetes use grows, so will the bullseye on its back.
“Once a technology like Kubernetes occupies a significant enough portion of the tech landscape, it becomes a target,” Dang says. “That’s why the focus over the next year has to turn from adoption to protection and hardening. Building tools and systems that rely on Kubernetes will solve a lot of the security risks going forward.”
6. IT leaders will get more selective about their Kubernetes platforms
The de facto standardization around Kubernetes has been bolstered, as Dang notes above, but the interest and involvement of so many different tech companies.
That’s now evident in the increasing menu of choices CIOs and their teams have to choose from when it comes to Kubernetes platforms and services. In 2019, expect those IT leaders to get smarter and more selective about the tools they use in concert with their expanding usage.
Murli Thirumale, CEO and co-founder at Portworx, thinks vendors will need good answers to questions like: Do they support multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud environments? Do they offer hands-on integration support? Do they complete Kubernetes with security, data management, and monitoring in their platform?
“Whoever can be the best resource for enterprise IT, offering turnkey products for managing their cloud services across any and all environments, will be the winner in 2019,” Thirumale says.
[ Kubernetes terminology, demystified: Get our Kubernetes glossary cheat sheet for IT and business leaders. ]